Patch-Based Nonlocal Functional for Denoising Fluorescence Microscopy Image Sequences

Abstract : We present a nonparametric regression method for denoising 3-D image sequences acquired via fluorescence microscopy. The proposed method exploits the redundancy of the 3-D+time information to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of images corrupted by Poisson-Gaussian noise. A variance stabilization transform is first applied to the image-data to remove the dependence between the mean and variance of intensity values. This preprocessing requires the knowledge of parameters related to the acquisition system, also estimated in our approach. In a second step, we propose an original statistical patch-based framework for noise reduction and preservation of space-time discontinuities. In our study, discontinuities are related to small moving spots with high velocity observed in fluorescence video-microscopy. The idea is to minimize an objective nonlocal energy functional involving spatio-temporal image patches. The minimizer has a simple form and is defined as the weighted average of input data taken in spatially-varying neighborhoods. The size of each neighborhood is optimized to improve the performance of the pointwise estimator. The performance of the algorithm (which requires no motion estimation) is then evaluated on both synthetic and real image sequences using qualitative and quantitative criteria.
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Jérôme Boulanger, Charles Kervrann, Patrick Bouthemy, Peter Elbau, Jean-Baptiste Sibarita, et al.. Patch-Based Nonlocal Functional for Denoising Fluorescence Microscopy Image Sequences. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010, 29 (2), pp.442-453. ⟨10.1109/TMI.2009.2033991⟩. ⟨inria-00541082⟩

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