FUSION OF MODIS AND PALSAR PRINCIPAL COMPONENT IMAGES THROUGH CURVELET TRANSFORM FOR LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION

Abstract : Earth observation satellites provide data that covers different portions of the electromagnetic spectrum at different spatial and spectral resolutions. The increasing availability of information products generated from satellite images are extending the ability to understand the patterns and dynamics of the earth resource systems at all scales of inquiry. In which one of the most important application is the generation of land cover classification from satellite images for understanding the actual status of various land cover classes. The prospect for the use of satellite images in land cover classification is an extremely promising one. The quality of satellite images available for land-use mapping is improving rapidly by development of advanced sensor technology. Particularly noteworthy in this regard is the improved spatial and spectral resolution of the images captured by new satellite sensors like MODIS, ASTER, Landsat 7, and SPOT 5. For the full exploitation of increasingly sophisticated multisource data, fusion techniques are being developed. Fused images may enhance the interpretation capabilities. The images used for fusion have different temporal, and spatial resolution. Therefore, the fused image provides a more complete view of the observed objects. It is one of the main aim of image fusion to integrate different data in order to obtain more information that can be derived from each of the single sensor data alone. The importance of high-quality synthesis of spectral information is well suited and implemented for land cover classification. More recently, an underlying multiresolution analysis employing the discrete wavelet transform has been used in image fusion. It was found that multisensor image fusion is a tradeoff between the spectral information from a low resolution multi-spectral images and the spatial information from a high resolution multi-spectral images. With the wavelet transform based fusion method, it is easy to control this tradeoff. A new transform, the curvelet transform was used in recent years. A ridgelet transform is applied to square blocks of detail frames of undecimated wavelet decomposition, consequently the curvelet transform is obtained. Since the ridgelet transform possesses basis functions matching directional straight lines therefore, the curvelet transform is capable of representing piecewise linear contours on multiple scales through few significant coefficients. This property leads to a better separation between geometric details and background noise, which may be easily reduced by thresholding curvelet coefficients before they are used for fusion. The Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument provides high radiometric sensitivity (12 bit) in 36 spectral bands ranging in wavelength from 0.4 m to 14.4 m and also it is freely available. Two bands are imaged at a nominal resolution of 250 m at nadir, with five bands at 500 m, and the remaining 29 bands at 1 km. In this paper, the band 1 of spatial resolution 250 m and bandwidth 620-670 nm, and band 2, of spatial resolution of 250m and bandwidth 842-876 nm is considered as these bands has special features to identify the agriculture and other land covers. In January 2006, the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) was successfully launched by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The Phased Arraytype L-band SAR (PALSAR) sensor onboard the satellite acquires SAR imagery at a wavelength of 23.5 cm (frequency 1.27 GHz) with capabilities of multimode and multipolarization observation. The Overview of Principal Component Analysis is that the most of the information within all the bands can be compressed into a much smaller number of bands with little loss of information. It allows us to extract the low-dimensional subspaces that capture the main linear correlation among the high-dimensional image data. This facilitates viewing the explained variance or signal in the available imagery, allowing both gross and more subtle features in the imagery to be seen. In this paper we have explored the fusion technique for enhancing the land cover classification of low resolution satellite data especially freely available satellite data. For this purpose, we have considered to fuse the PALSAR principal component data with MODIS principal component data. Initially, the MODIS band 1 and band 2 is considered, its principal component is computed. Similarly the PALSAR HH, HV and VV polarized data are considered, and there principal component is also computed. consequently, the PALSAR principal component image is fused with MODIS principal component image. The aim of this paper is to analyze the effect of classification accuracy on major type of land cover types like agriculture, water and urban bodies with fusion of PALSAR data to MODIS data. Curvelet transformation has been applied for fusion of these two satellite images and Minimum Distance classification technique has been applied for the resultant fused image. It is qualitatively and visually observed that the overall classification accuracy of MODIS image after fusion is enhanced. This type of fusion technique may be quite helpful in near future to use freely available satellite data to develop monitoring system for different land cover classes on the earth.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2010, Jul 2010, Bremen, Germany. 2010, 〈http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010cosp..38.388S〉
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00551335
Contributeur : Harish Kumar G. R. <>
Soumis le : lundi 3 janvier 2011 - 14:36:43
Dernière modification le : vendredi 27 avril 2018 - 15:02:02

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  • HAL Id : inria-00551335, version 1

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Harish Kumar G. R., Singh D. FUSION OF MODIS AND PALSAR PRINCIPAL COMPONENT IMAGES THROUGH CURVELET TRANSFORM FOR LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2010, Jul 2010, Bremen, Germany. 2010, 〈http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010cosp..38.388S〉. 〈inria-00551335〉

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