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Quality of Service in Wireless Cellular Networks Subject to Log-Normal Shadowing

Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn 1 Mohamed Kadhem Karray 2
1 TREC - Theory of networks and communications
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt
Abstract : Shadowing is believed to degrade the quality of service (QoS) in wireless cellular networks. Assuming log-normal shadowing, and studying mobile's path-loss with respect to the serving base station (BS) and the corresponding interference factor (the ratio of the sum of the path-gains form interfering BS's to the path-gain from the serving BS), which are two key ingredients of the analysis and design of the cellular networks, we discovered a more subtle reality. We observe, as commonly expected, that a strong variance of the shadowing increases the mean path-loss with respect to the serving BS, which in consequence, may compromise QoS. However, in some cases, an increase of the variance of the shadowing can significantly reduce the mean interference factor and, in consequence, improve some QoS metrics in interference limited systems, provided the handover policy selects the BS with the smallest path loss as the serving one. We exemplify this phenomenon, similar to stochastic resonance and related to the ''single big jump principle'' of the heavy-tailed log-nornal distribution, studying the blocking probability in regular, hexagonal networks in a semi-analytic manner, using a spatial version of the Erlang's loss formula combined with Kaufman-Roberts algorithm. More detailed probabilistic analysis explains that increasing variance of the log-normal shadowing amplifies the ratio between the strongest signal and all other signals thus reducing the interference. The above observations might shed new light, in particular on the design of indoor communication scenarios.
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Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn, Mohamed Kadhem Karray. Quality of Service in Wireless Cellular Networks Subject to Log-Normal Shadowing. IEEE Transactions on Communications, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012, 61 (2), pp.781 - 791. ⟨10.1109/TCOMM.2012.120512.110673⟩. ⟨inria-00562462v4⟩

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