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Closed-Form Solutions for Attitude, Speed, Absolute Scale and Bias Determination by Fusing Vision and Inertial Measurements

Agostino Martinelli 1
1 E-MOTION - Geometry and Probability for Motion and Action
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIG - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble
Abstract : This paper analyzes the problem of data fusion when the adopted sensors are a monocular camera and inertial sensors (i.e. one tri-axial accelerometer and one tri-axial gyrometer). The paper provides two main contributions. The first is the analytical derivation of all the observable modes, i.e. all the physical quantities that can be estimated by only using the information in the sensor data acquired during a short time interval. Specifically, the observable modes are the vehicle speed and attitude, the absolute scale and the bias affecting the inertial measurements. This holds even in the case when the camera only observes a single point feature. The analytical derivation of the previous observable modes is based on a non standard observability analysis, which fully accounts the system non linearities. The second contribution is the analytical derivation of closed-form solutions which analytically express all the previous observable modes in terms of the sensor measurements collected during a very short time interval. This allows introducing a very simple and powerful new method able to simultaneously estimate all the observable modes without the need of any initialization or a priori knowledge. Both the observability analysis and the derivation of the closed-form solutions are carried out in several different contexts, including the case of biased and unbiased inertial measurements, the case of a single and multiple features, and in presence and absence of gravity. The performance of the proposed approach is evaluated via extensive Monte Carlo simulations and by using two distinct real data sets.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 13, 2011 - 3:50:42 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 21, 2021 - 3:45:22 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, December 4, 2016 - 12:38:01 AM


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  • HAL Id : inria-00569083, version 5


Agostino Martinelli. Closed-Form Solutions for Attitude, Speed, Absolute Scale and Bias Determination by Fusing Vision and Inertial Measurements. [Research Report] RR-7530, INRIA. 2011. ⟨inria-00569083v5⟩



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