A 3D MRI-Based Cardiac Computer Model to Study Arrhythmia and Its In-vivo Experimental Validation

Abstract : The aim of this work was to develop a simple and fast 3D MRI-based computer model of arrhythmia inducibility in porcine hearts with chronic infarct scar, and to further validate it using electrophysiology (EP) measures obtained in-vivo. The heart model was built from MRI scans (with voxel size smaller than 1mm3) and had fiber directions extracted from diffusion tensor DT-MRI. We used a macroscopic model that calculates the propagation of action potential (AP) after application of a train of stimuli, with location and timing replicating precisely the stimulation protocol used in the in-vivo EP study. Simulation results were performed for two infarct hearts: one with noninducible and the other with inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT), successfully predicting the study outcome like in the in-vivo cases; for the inducible heart, the average predicted VT cycle length was 273ms, compared to a recorded VT of approximately 250ms. We also generated synthetic fibers for each heart and found the associated helix angle whose transmural variation (in healthy zones) from endo- to epicardium gave the smallest difference (i.e., approx. 41°) when compared to the helix angle corresponding to fibers from DW-MRI. Mean differences between activation times computed using DT-MRI fibers and using synthetic fibers for the two hearts were 6 ms and 11 ms, respectively.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
Dimitris N. Metaxas and Leon Axel. FIMH 2011- Sixth International Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart., May 2011, New-York, United States. springer, 6666, pp.195-205, 2011, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-21028-0_25〉
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00616205
Contributeur : Project-Team Asclepios <>
Soumis le : vendredi 19 août 2011 - 19:57:14
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 16:41:47

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Mihaela Pop, Maxime Sermesant, Jean-Marc Peyrat, Eugene Crystal, Sudip Ghate, et al.. A 3D MRI-Based Cardiac Computer Model to Study Arrhythmia and Its In-vivo Experimental Validation. Dimitris N. Metaxas and Leon Axel. FIMH 2011- Sixth International Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart., May 2011, New-York, United States. springer, 6666, pp.195-205, 2011, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-21028-0_25〉. 〈inria-00616205〉

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