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L'utilisation concurrente de différentes méthodes de recueil de données pour l'étude de l'activité de programmation

Willemien Visser 1 Alexandre Morais 1 
1 PSYCHO ERGO - Ergonomic Psychology
Inria Paris-Rocquencourt
Abstract : Discusses and advocates the concurrent use of several knowledge acquisition me-thods for eli-citing different types of expertise. Illustrations in the do-main of programming are pre-sented. Interviews are of particular use in the first stage of a domain study, providing general informa-tion on the organisation of the activity and topics to be investigated with other techniques. Analyzing the result of the activity, know-ledge the expert possesses may be identified, but the way it is used remains hy-pothetical. Data on this knowledge use may be gathered observing the expert in real time during his daily activity, but, as this method is very expensive, it can only be applied to a few ex-perts, and thus requires, in general, independent validation of its results. Observation in a controlled situation may cover many subjects, but on a limited number of factors and, generally, in a rather limited context. Using these methods concurrently however cancels out the disadvantages of a particular method and makes it possible to benefit from the advantages of them all.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 20, 2011 - 1:47:44 PM
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Willemien Visser, Alexandre Morais. L'utilisation concurrente de différentes méthodes de recueil de données pour l'étude de l'activité de programmation. Psychologie Française, Elsevier Masson, 1988, Psychologie de l'expertise, 33, pp.127-132. ⟨inria-00634133⟩



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