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Specimens: "most of" generic NPs in a contextually flexible type theory

Christian Retoré 1, 2 
2 SIGNES - Linguistic signs, grammar and meaning: computational logic for natural language
Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, École Nationale Supérieure d'Électronique, Informatique et Radiocommunications de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB), CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5800
Abstract : This paper proposes to compute the meanings associated to sentences with generic NPs correspond- ing to the most of generalized quantifier. We call these generics specimens and they resemble stereotypes or pro- totypes in lexical semantics. The meanings are viewed as logical formulae that can be thereafter interpreted in your favorite models. We rather depart from the dominant Fregean single untyped universe and go for type theory with hints from Hilbert epsilon calculus and from medieval philosophy. Our type theoretic analysis bears some resemblance with on going work in lexical semantics. Our model also applies to classical examples involving a class (or a generic element of this class) which is pro- vided by the context. An outcome of this study is that, in the minimalism-contextualism debate, if one adopts a type theoretical view, terms encode the purely semantic meaning component while their typing is pragmatically determined.
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 6, 2011 - 1:29:08 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:29:31 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, February 7, 2012 - 2:20:31 AM


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  • HAL Id : inria-00637326, version 2
  • ARXIV : 1111.1378



Christian Retoré. Specimens: "most of" generic NPs in a contextually flexible type theory. Genius III, Dec 2011, Paris, France. ⟨inria-00637326v2⟩



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