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Caching and prefetching for efficient video services in mobile networks

Ali Gouta 1, 2
1 ASAP - As Scalable As Possible: foundations of large scale dynamic distributed systems
IRISA-D1 - SYSTÈMES LARGE ÉCHELLE, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
Abstract : Cellular networks have witnessed phenomenal traffic growth recently fueled by new high speed broadband cellular access technologies. This growth is in large part driven by the emergence of the HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS) as a new video delivery method. In HAS, several qualities of the same videos are made available in the network so that clients can choose the quality that best fits their bandwidth capacity. This strongly impacts the viewing pattern of the clients, their switching behavior between video qualities, and thus beyond on content delivery systems. Our first contribution consists in providing an analysis of a real HAS dataset collected in France and provided by the largest French mobile operator. Firstly, we analyze and model the viewing patterns of VoD and live streaming HAS sessions and we propose a new cache replacement strategy, named WA-LRU. WA-LRU leverages the time locality of video segments within the HAS content. We show that WA-LRU improves the cache hit-ratio mostly at the loading phase while it reduces significantly the processing overhead at the cache. In our second contribution, we analyze and model the adaptation logic between the video qualities based on empirical observations. We show that high switching behaviors lead to sub optimal caching performance, since several versions of the same content compete to be cached. In this context we investigate the benefits of a Cache Friendly HAS system (CF-DASH) which aims at improving the caching efficiency in mobile networks and to sustain the quality of experience of mobile clients. We evaluate CF-dash based on trace-driven simulations and test-bed experiments. Our validation results are promising. Simulations on real HAS traffic show that we achieve a significant gain in hit-ratio that ranges from 15% up to 50%. In the second part of this thesis, we investigate the mobile video prefetching opportunities. Online media services are reshaping the way video content is watched. People with similar interests tend to request same content. This provides enormous potential to predict which content users are interested in. Besides, mobile devices are commonly used to watch videos which popularity is largely driven by their social success. We design a system, named "Central Predictor System (CPsys)", which aims at predicting and prefetching relevant content for each mobile client. To fine tune our prefetching system, we rely on a large dataset collected from a large mobile carrier in Europe. The rationale of our prefetching strategy is first to form a graph and build implicit or explicit ties between similar users. On top of this graph, we propose the Most Popular and Most Recent (MPMR) policy to predict relevant videos for each user. We show that CPSys can achieve high performance as regards prediction correctness and network utilization efficiency. We further show that CPSys outperforms other prefetching schemes from the state of the art. At the end, we provide a proof-of-concept implementation of our prefetching system.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 15, 2016 - 3:40:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01256966, version 1


Ali Gouta. Caching and prefetching for efficient video services in mobile networks. Distributed, Parallel, and Cluster Computing [cs.DC]. University of Rennes 1, 2015. English. ⟨tel-01256966⟩



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