Routage géographique multi-chemin basé sur l’intelligence d’essaim pour réseaux de capteurs et d’actionneurs sans fil : Application aux Smart Grids

Abstract : The Smart Grid concept should play a key role in the quest for better management of electrical energy in the global energy situation increasingly critical. By bringing together the resources connected to the conventional power grid and communications infrastructure, the Smart Grid enables intelligent management of electrical energy. The implementation of Smart Grids should lead the implementation of a communication infrastructure for data exchange between the various entities connected to these networks. This thesis is positioned in the context of wireless sensors and actuators networks in smart grids. Through this work, we have proposed a data routing protocol for the communication network to the distribution network level. First, we proposed a new geographical routing protocol based on swarm intelligence for wireless sensors and actuators networks. The protocol uses the geographic routing as a main data routing mechanism, and uses a recovery mechanism based on ant colony optimization to bypass communication voids and to create multi-way around these voids. The protocol performance was validated through simulations. By comparing the results to the state of the art, the proposed protocol improve network performances in terms of data delivery rate, end-to-end delay and delivery cost. Secondly, we proposed the use of the protocol proposed as the routing protocol in wireless neighborhood area networks (NANs) Smart Grid. The proposed protocol ensures all communication paradigm types, especially Point-to-Point communication while providing scalability and self-healing capabilities. The feasibility and applicability of the protocol in NANs was confirmed through simulations using parameters defined by NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) to validate the proposed solutions for the smart grid. Finally, we focused on the qualities of service (QoS) required by applications and services using NAN. We have thus added a QoS model to the proposed routing protocol to take account of NAN’s communication requirements. The performance of the new protocol was validated through simulations. The results showed that the protocol can satisfy the most severe requirements in terms of reliability and end-to-end delay.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 23, 2016 - 11:39:20 AM
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Mouna Rekik. Routage géographique multi-chemin basé sur l’intelligence d’essaim pour réseaux de capteurs et d’actionneurs sans fil : Application aux Smart Grids. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université Lille 1; Université de Sfax, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01370723⟩

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