Dictionary Learning for Pattern Classification in Medical Imaging

Hrishikesh Deshpande 1
1 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : Most natural signals can be approximated by a linear combination of a few atoms in a dictionary. Such sparse representations of signals and dictionary learning (DL) methods have received a special attention over the past few years. While standard DL approaches are effective in applications such as image denoising or compression, several discriminative DL methods have been proposed to achieve better image classification. In this thesis, we have shown that the dictionary size for each class is an important factor in the pattern recognition applications where there exist variability difference between classes, in the case of both the standard and discriminative DL methods. We validated the proposition of using different dictionary size based on complexity of the class data in a computer vision application such as lips detection in face images, followed by more complex medical imaging application such as classification of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions using MR images. The class specific dictionaries are learned for the lesions and individual healthy brain tissues, and the size of the dictionary for each class is adapted according to the complexity of the underlying data. The algorithm is validated using 52 multi-sequence MR images acquired from 13 MS patients.
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Hrishikesh Deshpande. Dictionary Learning for Pattern Classification in Medical Imaging . Computer Science [cs]. Université de Rennes 1, France, 2016. English. ⟨tel-01434878⟩

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