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A method of hp-adaptation for Residual Distribution schemes

Abstract : This thesis presents the construction of a p-adaptive Residual Distribution scheme for the steady Euler equations and a hp-adaptive Residual Distribution scheme for the steady penalized Navier-Stokes equations in dimension two and three. The Euler and Navier-Stokes equations are recalled along with their non dimensional versions. The basis definitions and properties of the steady Residual Distribution schemes are presented. Then, the construction of a p-adaptive Residual Distribution scheme for the Euler equations is considered. The construction of the p-adaptive scheme is based upon the expression of the total residual of an element of a given degree k (in the Finite Element sense) into the total residuals of its linear sub-elements. The discrete solution obtained with the p-adaptive scheme is then a one degree polynomial in the divided elements and a k-th degree polynomial in the undivided ones. Therefore, the discrete solution is in general discontinuous at the interface between a divided element and an undivided one. This is in apparent contradiction with the continuity assumption used in general to demonstrate the discrete Lax-Wendroff theorem for Residual Distribution schemes. However, as we show in this work, this constrain can be relaxed. The consequence is that if special quadrature formulas are employed in the numerical implementation, the discrete Lax-Wendroff theorem can still be proved, which guaranties the convergence of the p-adaptive scheme to a weak solution of the governing equations. The formulas that express the total residual into the combination of the total residuals of the sub-elements are central to the method. In dimension two, the formula is obtained with the classical Lagrange basis in the quadratic case and with the Bézier basis in dimension three. These two formulas are then generalized to arbitrary polynomial degrees in dimension two and three with a Bézier basis. In the second part of the thesis the application of the p-adaptive scheme to the penalized Navier-Stokes equations with anisotropic mesh adaptation is presented. In practice, the p-adaptive scheme is used with the IBM-LS-AUM (Immersed Boundary Method with Level Sets and Adapted Unstructured Meshes) method. The IBM-LS-AUM allows to impose the boundary conditions with the penalization method and the mesh adaptation to the solution and to the level-set increases the accuracy of the representation of the surface and the solution around walls. When the IBM-LSAUM is combined with the p-adaptive scheme, it is possible to use high-order elements outside the zone where the penalization is applied. The method is robust as shown by the numerical applications at low to large Mach numbers and at different Reynolds in dimension two and three.
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Quentin Viville. A method of hp-adaptation for Residual Distribution schemes. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0408⟩. ⟨tel-01441608v2⟩



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