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Ensemble forecasting using sequential aggregation for photovoltaic power applications

Jean Thorey 1
1 ANGE - Numerical Analysis, Geophysics and Ecology
LJLL - Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Inria de Paris
Abstract : Our main objective is to improve the quality of photovoltaic power forecasts deriving from weather forecasts. Such forecasts are imperfect due to meteorological uncertainties and statistical modeling inaccuracies in the conversion of weather forecasts to power forecasts. First we gather several weather forecasts, secondly we generate multiple photovoltaic power forecasts, and finally we build linear combinations of the power forecasts. The minimization of the Continuous Ranked Probability Score (CRPS) allows to statistically calibrate the combination of these forecasts, and provides probabilistic forecasts under the form of a weighted empirical distribution function. We investigate the CRPS bias in this context and several properties of scoring rules which can be seen as a sum of quantile-weighted losses or a sum of threshold-weighted losses. The minimization procedure is achieved with online learning techniques. Such techniques come with theoretical guarantees of robustness on the predictive power of the combination of the forecasts. Essentially no assumptions are needed for the theoretical guarantees to hold. The proposed methods are applied to the forecast of solar radiation using satellite data, and the forecast of photovoltaic power based on high-resolution weather forecasts and standard ensembles of forecasts.
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Jean Thorey. Ensemble forecasting using sequential aggregation for photovoltaic power applications. Statistics [math.ST]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066526⟩. ⟨tel-01697133v2⟩

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