Archives, fragments Web et diasporas. Pour une exploration désagrégée de corpus d’archives Web liées aux représentations en ligne des diasporas

Quentin Lobbé 1, 2
1 VALDA - Value from Data
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure, Inria de Paris
Abstract : The Web is an unsteady environment. As Web sites emerge every days, whole communities may fade away over time by leaving too few or incomplete traces on the living Web. Facing this phenomenon, several archiving initiatives try to preserve the memory of the Web. But today, a mystery remains : While they have never been so vast and numerous, why are the Web archives not already the subject of many historical researches ? In reality, Web archives should not be considered as a faithful representation of the living Web. In fact, they are the direct traces of the archiving tools that tear them away from their original temporality. Thus, this thesis aims to give researchers the theoretical and technical means for a greater manageability of the Web archives, by defining a new unit of exploration : the Web fragment, a coherent and self-sufficient subset of a Web page. To that end, we will follow the pioneering work of the e-Diasporas Atlas which allowed, in the 2000s, to map and archive thousands of migrant Web sites. Main source of data from which we will unfold our reflections, it is through the particular angle of online representations of diasporas that we will explore the Web archives of the Atlas.
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Quentin Lobbé. Archives, fragments Web et diasporas. Pour une exploration désagrégée de corpus d’archives Web liées aux représentations en ligne des diasporas. Web. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01963548⟩

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