Caractérisation biochimique du complexe AFL et identification des partenaires de LEC2 lors du développement de la graine

Abstract : The spermaphytes predominantly represented by angiosperms or flowering plants, have the fundamental ability to disseminate through seeds. Seeds are essential for the survival of plants, their dissemination and important resource for industry, especially food industry. During seed formation, critical transitions occur, in particular for development, establishment of reserves, maturation, acquisition of desiccation tolerance and dormancy. These steps are regulated by transcription factors and especially LAFL (LEC1, ABI3, FUS3, LEC2). LAFLS are composed of two families, B3 domain containing transcription factors (ABI3, FUS3, and LEC2) and NF-Y (LEC1) that are involved in gene regulation in different stages of seed development. Studies have suggested the possibility that a complex composed of ABI3, LEC1 and LEC2 is formed on the promoter of OLEOSINE1, allowing activating the transcription of the gene. Nevertheless, the characterization of proteins, their action, regulation and their capacity to interact with each another and form a complex, are still unknown. In a first step, I focused on characterizing the formation of the protein complex composed of ABI3, LEC1 and LEC2, more particularly on the interaction between LEC1 and LEC2. The subcellular localization of the two proteins were followed by labelling in planta, or by means of specific antibodies, their interaction tested in a double hybrid system and the measurement of the effect of LEC1 on LEC2 validated by thermophoresis. All the results demonstrated that LEC2 and LEC1 can form a dimer on the promoter of OLEOSINE1 and that this association change the affinity of LEC2 for its target DNA. In a second approach, I sought to identify partners with (bibliographic data) and without (TAP tagging approach) a priori to complete the study.
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Céline Boulard. Caractérisation biochimique du complexe AFL et identification des partenaires de LEC2 lors du développement de la graine. Biologie moléculaire. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS402⟩. ⟨tel-02356789⟩

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