Compression for interactive communication of visual contents

Navid Mahmoudian Bidgoli 1
1 Sirocco - Analysis representation, compression and communication of visual data
Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : Interactive images and videos have received increasing attention due to the interesting features they provide. With these contents, users can navigate within the content and explore the scene from the viewpoint they desire. The characteristics of these media make their compression very challenging. On the one hand, the data is captured in high resolution (very large) to experience a real sense of immersion. On the other hand, the user requests a small portion of the content during navigation. This requires two characteristics: efficient compression of data by exploiting redundancies within the content (to lower the storage cost), and random access ability to extract part of the compressed stream requested by the user (to lower the transmission rate). Classical compression schemes can not handle random accessibility because they use a fixed pre-defined order of sources to capture redundancies. The purpose of this thesis is to provide new tools for interactive compression schemes of images. For that, as the first contribution, we propose an evaluation framework by which we can compare different image/video interactive compression schemes. Moreover, former theoretical studies show that random accessibility can be achieved using incremental codes with the same transmission cost as non-interactive schemes and with reasonable storage overhead. Our second contribution is to build a generic coding scheme that can deal with various interactive media. Using this generic coder, we then propose compression tools for 360-degree images and 3D model texture maps with random access ability to extract the requested part. We also propose new representations for these modalities. Finally, we study the effect of model selection on the compression rates of these interactive coders.
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Navid Mahmoudian Bidgoli. Compression for interactive communication of visual contents. Signal and Image Processing. Université de Rennes 1, 2019. English. ⟨tel-02410190⟩

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