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Settlements of the iron age in current territory of Kosovo

Abstract : This doctoral thesis deals with documented Iron Age habitats on the territory of presentday Kosovo, which represents an area of 10 887 km², corresponding to the central part of the ancient Dardania which also extended to the south from Serbia, north of Macedonia, to the northeast of Albania. This dissertation is divided in two main parts). (In the first part is presentedcatalog of all sites), excavated or not, known to date, classified by typology and size, accompanied by a description of the characteristics of the habitats and archaeological materials, to establish their chronology. The corpus comprises a total of 45 habitats, of which 29 have been excavated. On the basis of the material studied, the chronology can be divided into four phases: The oldest XI-IX century BC. J.-C, is a transition phase between the recent Bronze and the old Iron; then the Iron Age is divided into two periods: the first phase of the Iron Age (8th-7th centuries BC), and the second phase of the Iron Age (6th - 4th century BC); the last phase corresponds to the Hellenistic period until the arrival of the Romans (IV-I centuries BC). Thesecond part provides a summary of the 1. Typology and distribution of inhabited areas, taking into account their relationship with necropolises, 2. The extent of habitats and their architectural features, and 3. The material culture they harbored. Three types of habitats were identified: highrise habitats, terrace dwellings and lowland habitats; these habitats can be grouped into four regions, with the exception of the Valaç habitat, which remains an isolated case in the north of the country; in each region, the sites are visible from each other. The necropolises, 51 in total, also occupy an important place. There are two types of necropolis: the tumular necropolises - the most numerous, and the non-tumular necropolises. For both types, their main characteristics, distribution, chronology, funerary rites and their relation to habitats were studied. The second chapter made it possible to establish a hierarchy of habitats according to their size, to distinguish four types of fortification, and to present the first known plans of Dardanian huts. The last chapter of the thesis studies the dishes and the objects of domestic life. For each chronological phase, the nature of the pasta and the characteristic forms that make it possible to follow the continuities and the innovations are given. The material studied shows that, alongside food storage and food preparation, metallurgical and weaving activities are also important. Finally, the importation and local imitation of Greek vases related to the consumption of wine, present in the habitats as in the necropolises, poses the problem of the adoption of the practice of the "symposion".
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 10, 2020 - 12:43:36 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02503916, version 1


Premtim Alaj. Settlements of the iron age in current territory of Kosovo. Histoire. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2097⟩. ⟨tel-02503916⟩



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