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Coopération politique et intégration régionale en Arctique (1996-2019) : construction d'une région : naissance, développement et remise en cause d’un nouvel espace politique régional

Abstract : Over the past thirty years, regional governance has been built in the Arctic thanks to the interaction of different levels of political action corresponding to various actors: states, civil society, indigenous organizations, federal and local governments, NGOs, private companies. The Arctic is now involved in various mechanisms that tend towards integration, defined as the process by which the regularity and intensity of interactions between societies increases. We are here analyzing how political governance has constructed the Arctic as a political region. Post-Cold War top-down political cooperation has led to visible regional institutional integration in the Arctic. This institutional integration stems from the state’s desire to protect the environment as a pretext for political cooperation, but also from informal transnational networks, scientific and indigenous. It then appears that in a context of increased politicization of the region due to the consequences of climate change, the construction of the Arctic region becomes for the Arctic States a means of excluding certain actors, gradually pushed out of decision-making bodies. In return, the latter widen the limits of the region through new forms of political governance (informal forums, club diplomacy), clearly showing that the region is a political and social reality, always changing and challenged in space and time.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03408406
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Friday, October 29, 2021 - 10:18:11 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:42:04 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03408406, version 2

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Camille Escudé. Coopération politique et intégration régionale en Arctique (1996-2019) : construction d'une région : naissance, développement et remise en cause d’un nouvel espace politique régional. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0009⟩. ⟨tel-03408406v2⟩

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