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Simulation opérationnelle en contrôle non destructif

Abstract : Several fields have already adopted the concept of operational simulation to limit risks and costs. For instance, part of the training phase of airline transport pilots or surgerons can now rely on simulations instead of real-life situations.Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) assesses the integrity of structural and mechanical components without damaging them. Operational simulation has drawn attention of the NDT community only recently through an Airbus patent. In this field, the operational simulation can be used to simulate the presence of a defect in a component without actually inserting the defect. For expensive parts such as aeronautical structures, this approach can reduce the costs of training operators, evaluating NDT method performances or testing new procedures in real-conditions.This thesis work aims to apply the concept of operational simulation to NDT. Three main scientific and technological challenges are to be tackled: the simulation realism, the computation speed and the instrumentation. We chose to focus this study on the ultrasound NDT technique applied to composite materials. Classical simulation approaches based on physical equations are not fast enough for a real-time synthesis of ultrasound signals. Moreover, the realism is often limited by the fidelity of the inspection set-up description. For instance, the material properties are not always well-known and bring to a drop of realism. Thus, we investigate an alternative way: the models are built directly from experimental data. This strategy is applied to model the effect of several phenomena such as impact damages, flat bottom holes or material micro-structure. Hardware and software solutions are also studied to propose a first prototype. We have shown that the replacement of real signals by on-the-fly simulated ones is achievable: the simulation is realistic enough to be considered as reality by operators. thus, this thesis work brings the concept to a first prototype dedicated to ultrasound NDT.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 6:00:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 14, 2021 - 3:27:53 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03225641, version 1


Damien Rodat. Simulation opérationnelle en contrôle non destructif. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS535⟩. ⟨tel-03225641⟩



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