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Analyse du discours politique des Bongo père et fils : continuité et/ou rupture ?

Abstract : This thesis research reflects on the speeches made by Omar Bongo and Ali Bongo in the Gabonese context between 1968-2009 for the former and 2009-2018 for the latter. We gathered these textual data into a contrasting and diachronic corpus. Starting from the fact that language, inseparable from political action, is an efficient instrument for power conquest, our aim is to problematize the discursive productions of Bongo father and son. This will then lead to understand and explain the mode of operation and the configurations of figures of persuasion. The approach, which is intended to be hermeneutical, is part of the approaches in Discourse Analysis. We carry out this work by adopting an interdisciplinary positioning with a rhetorical orientation, even sociodiscursive among others. This theoretical orientation of our reflection will allow us to identify the specific characteristics intrinsic to the discursive productions of the Bongo’s. A priori, the party, family ties and the presidency appear at first glance as forms of homogeneity, but the pre-analysis phase attests to the emergence of a certain differentiation which can be established despite the apparent continuity of power between father and son. To this end, far from any hasty a priori, the comparative method that we implement offers an analytical and interpretative paradigm aimed at bringing out forms of continuity and/or forms of rupture. Inspired by these approaches, this research illustrates that, on the one hand, the construction of identities describes different postures and positions in order to ensure the legitimacy of their power by conveying idealized images. On the other hand, argumentativeness masks oratorical strategies crystallized in the oratorical staging aimed at influencing the audience. In addition, the dialogical dimension declines ideological persistence as a symbol of the perenniality of the hegemonic power of Bongo father and son.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03311501, version 1

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Sergine-Pamela Engoung Nsi. Analyse du discours politique des Bongo père et fils : continuité et/ou rupture ?. Linguistique. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BOR30039⟩. ⟨tel-03311501⟩

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