Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Lower and Middle Palaeolithic lithic assemblages from Southern peninsular india : a geometric morphometric and classical approach to large cutting tools

Abstract : The Indian sub-continent, midway between Africa and South-east Asia, offers great potential to contribute to the ongoing debates of hominin dispersals and techno-cultural transitions. The Malaprabha Valley sites, in south-western Peninsular India, provides a regional perspective on the transitional processes between Lower and Middle Palaeolithic. Three assemblages, from local Late Acheulean to Middle Palaeolithic were chosen as the key collections and then compared to two of their south-eastern counterparts. These assemblages, excavated or collected from surface, are housed in various museums in India, France and UK. The aim of this PhD was to trace the technological and typological changes of the Large cutting tools (LCTs: handaxes and cleavers) at the transition from Lower to Middle Palaeolithic. A second objective was to discern raw material and blank effects on the shape variabilities of the LCTs. Combining the classical techno-typological analysis and Geometric Morphometric approach (2D and 3D) allow us to get accurate, reversible holistic results. LCTs in Malaprabha Valley always include more handaxes than cleavers. They are constantly made from local quartzite on various types of blanks with gradual increasing use of the flakes. Their shape variability is mostly located on their periphery and is not influenced by the blank types. Whatever variability occurred it seemed to result from varying relative width and thickness. This study highlights that the technological and morphological traits of the LCTs reflect a regional continuity with gradual changes from the Lower to the Middle Palaeolithic, rather than an abrupt external introduction of new technical behaviors. Irrespective of the diverse blank types, the hominin tool makers in this part of Peninsular India were able to achieve similar tool forms, through adaptive shaping strategies, reflecting a mental template that continued through generations apart from the technical progress identifiable in other products.
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03708131
Contributor : ABES STAR :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2022 - 1:01:12 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 25, 2022 - 3:14:06 AM

File

VA_KUNNERIATH_Madhavi_28062021...
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03708131, version 1

Collections

Citation

Madhavi Kunneriath. Lower and Middle Palaeolithic lithic assemblages from Southern peninsular india : a geometric morphometric and classical approach to large cutting tools. Archaeology and Prehistory. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS; Universitat Rovira i Virgili (Tarragone, Espagne), 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021MNHN0003⟩. ⟨tel-03708131⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

52

Files downloads

2