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The Engineering Heritage of Bashir Rameev at the Polytechnic Museum: Honoring the 100th Anniversary of His Birth

Abstract : Bashir Iskandarovich Rameev fulfilled one of the main roles in the informatization of Russia as the developer of Ural computer. In English publications, information about him and his contribution to science is practically absent. Nevertheless, he left a valuable legacy in the form of his developments of the family of universal automatic digital computing machines “Ural” with advanced software. The engineering heritage of B. I. Rameev is kept at the Polytechnic Museum in Moscow. The tube automatic digital machine “Ural-1” takes a special place in the computer collection at the Museum. The personal documentary collection of B. I. Rameev is voluminous and unique in its content. The documents of his collection reflect the entire history of the creation and development of domestic electronic computing machines. Among these documents the project “Automatic Digital Computing Machine” of I. S. Brook and B. I. Rameev and patent No 10475 (USSR author’s certificate) on 4 December 1948 are preserved. This patent was the first officially registered invention in the field of electronic digital computers in the USSR. On the suggestion of the Polytechnic Museum, 4 of December 1948 is considered (not yet officially) to be the birthday of Russian informatics. It is impossible to overestimate the contribution of B. I. Rameev to domestic electronic computing equipment. His name should be preserved in the history of Russia.
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Marina Smolevitskaya. The Engineering Heritage of Bashir Rameev at the Polytechnic Museum: Honoring the 100th Anniversary of His Birth. IFIP International Conference on the History of Computing (HC), Sep 2018, Poznan, Poland. pp.317-341, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-29160-0_17⟩. ⟨hal-02386536⟩

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