A Flexible Agent-Based Framework for Infectious Disease Modeling

Abstract : Agent-based modeling is a method to model a system by autonomous entities. The proposed framework models single persons with personal behavior, different health states and ability to spread the disease. Upon simulation, the epidemic emerges automatically. This approach is clear and easily understandable but requires extensive knowledge of the epidemic’s background. Such real-world model structures produce realistic epidemics, allowing detailed examination of the transmission process or testing and analyzing the outcome of interventions like vaccinations. Due to changed epidemic propagation, effects like herd immunity or serotype shift arise automatically. Beyond that, a modular structure splits the model into parts, which can be developed and validated separately. This approach makes development more efficient, increases credibility of the results and allows reusability and exchangeability of existing modules. Thus, knowledge and models can be easily and efficiently transferred, for example to compute scenarios for different countries and similar diseases.
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Florian Miksch, Christoph Urach, Patrick Einzinger, Günther Zauner. A Flexible Agent-Based Framework for Infectious Disease Modeling. 2nd Information and Communication Technology - EurAsia Conference (ICT-EurAsia), Apr 2014, Bali, Indonesia. pp.36-45, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-55032-4_4⟩. ⟨hal-01397142⟩

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