Schengen Routing: A Compliance Analysis

Abstract : Schengen Routing was proposed as a countermeasure to traffic monitoring activities practiced by intelligence agencies. This work here presents the results of a larger-scale measurement performed to quantify Schengen Routing compliance in today’s Internet. Based on 3388 TCP, UDP, and ICMP traceroute measurements executed from RIPE Atlas probes located in over 1100 different Autonomous Systems (AS) in the Schengen Area, it was found that 34.5% to 39.7% of these routes are Schengen-compliant, while compliance levels vary from 0% to 80% among countries. Finally, an approach was developed that allows end-users to determine whether a specific route to a host is Schengen-compliant or not.
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Daniel Dönni, Guilherme Machado, Christos Tsiaras, Burkhard Stiller. Schengen Routing: A Compliance Analysis. 9th Autonomous Infrastructure, Management, and Security (AIMS), Jun 2015, Ghent, Belgium. pp.100-112, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-20034-7_11⟩. ⟨hal-01410156⟩

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