Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Myocardial Fiber Disarray in Hypertensive Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: Visualization, Quantification and the Effect on Mechanical Function

Abstract : Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by systemic hypertension is generally regarded a morphological precursor of unfortunate cardiovascular events. Myocardial fiber disarray has been long recognized as a prevalent hallmark of this pathology. In this chapter, ex vivo diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging is employed to delineate the regional loss of myocardial organization that is present in the excised heart of a spontaneously hypertensive rat, as opposed to a control. Fiber tracking results are provided that illustrate in great detail the alterations in the integrity of cardiac muscle microstructure due to the disease. A quantitative analysis is also performed. Another contribution of this chapter is the model-based assessment of the role of the myofiber disarray in modulating the mechanical properties of the myocardium. The results of this study improve our understanding of the structural remodeling mechanisms that are associated with hypetensive left ventricular hypertrophy and their role.
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Archontis Giannakidis, Damien Rohmer, Alexander I. Veress, Grant T. Gullberg. Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Derived Myocardial Fiber Disarray in Hypertensive Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: Visualization, Quantification and the Effect on Mechanical Function. Mohammad Shenasa and Gerhard Hindricks and Martin Borggrefe and Gunter Breithardt and Mark E. Josephson and Douglas P. Zipe. Cardiac Mapping, 4th Edition, Wiley, pp.574-588, 2012, ⟨10.1002/9781118481585.ch53⟩. ⟨hal-00765985⟩

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