Vision and IMU Data Fusion: Closed-Form Determination of the Absolute Scale, Speed and Attitude

Agostino Martinelli 1, * Roland Siegwart 2
* Corresponding author
1 E-MOTION - Geometry and Probability for Motion and Action
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIG - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble
Abstract : This chapter describes an algorithm for determining the speed and the attitude of a sensor assembling constituted by a monocular camera and inertial sensors (three orthogonal accelerometers and three orthogonal gyroscopes). The system moves in a 3D unknown environment. The algorithm inputs are the visual and inertial measurements during a very short time interval. The outputs are: the speed and attitude, the absolute scale and the bias affecting the inertial measurements. The determination of these outputs is obtained by a simple closed form solution which analytically expresses the previous physical quantities in terms of the sensor measurements. This closed form determination allows performing the overall estimation in a very short time interval and without the need of any initialization or prior knowledge. This is a key advantage since allows eliminating the drift on the absolute scale and on the orientation. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated with real experiments.
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Agostino Martinelli, Roland Siegwart. Vision and IMU Data Fusion: Closed-Form Determination of the Absolute Scale, Speed and Attitude. Azim Eskandarian. Handbook of Intelligent Vehicles, Springer, 2012. ⟨hal-00779460⟩

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