Alignment-Based Trust for Resource Finding in Semantic P2P Networks

Manuel Atencia 1, 2 Jérôme Euzenat 1 Giuseppe Pirrò 1, 3 Marie-Christine Rousset 2
1 EXMO - Computer mediated exchange of structured knowledge
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LIG - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble
2 LIG Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble - HADAS
LIG - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble
Abstract : In a semantic P2P network, peers use separate ontologies and rely on alignments between their ontologies for translating queries. Nonetheless, alignments may be limited -unsound or incomplete- and generate flawed translations, leading to unsatisfactory answers. In this paper we present a trust mechanism that can assist peers to select those in the network that are better suited to answer their queries. The trust that a peer has towards another peer depends on a specific query and represents the probability that the latter peer will provide a satisfactory answer. In order to compute trust, we exploit both alignments and peers' direct experience, and perform Bayesian inference. We have implemented our technique and conducted an evaluation. Experimental results showed that trust values converge as more queries are sent and answers received. Furthermore, the use of trust improves both precision and recall.
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Manuel Atencia, Jérôme Euzenat, Giuseppe Pirrò, Marie-Christine Rousset. Alignment-Based Trust for Resource Finding in Semantic P2P Networks. ISWC 2011 - International Semantic Web Conference, Oct 2011, Bonn, Germany. pp.51-66, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-25073-6_4⟩. ⟨hal-00781008⟩

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