Patient-Specific Detection of Perfusion Abnormalities Combining Within- and Between-Subject Variances in ASL

Camille Maumet 1, * Pierre Maurel 1 Béatrice Carsin 2 Jean-Christophe Ferré 2 Christian Barillot 1
* Corresponding author
1 VisAGeS - Vision, Action et Gestion d'informations en Santé
INSERM - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale : U746, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D5 - SIGNAUX ET IMAGES NUMÉRIQUES, ROBOTIQUE
Abstract : Patient-specific patterns of abnormal perfusion are useful indicators in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients suffering from a microvascular dysfunction. Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL), as an entirely non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging technique, is a promising tool to image perfusion and the General Linear Model (GLM) could be used in order to quantitatively detect abnormal patterns of perfusion at the individual level in ASL. In this paper, patient-specific perfusion abnormalities were therefore identified by comparing a sin- gle patient to a group of healthy controls using a mixed-effect hierarchical GLM. Two approaches are currently in use to solve hierarchical GLMs: (1) the homoscedastic approach assumes homoge- neous variances across subjects and (2) the heteroscedastic approach is theoretically more efficient in the presence of heterogeneous variances but algorithmically more demanding. In practice, in functional magnetic resonance imaging studies, the superiority of the heteroscedastic approach is still under debate. Due to the low signal-to-noise ratio of ASL sequences, within-subject variances have a significant impact on the estimated perfusion maps and the heteroscedastic model might be better suited in this context. In this paper we studied how the homoscedastic and heteroscedastic approaches behave in terms of specificity and sensitivity in the detection of patient-specific ASL perfusion abnormalities. Val- idation was undertaken on a dataset of 25 patients diagnosed with brain tumors and 36 healthy volunteers. We showed evidence of heterogeneous within-subject variances in ASL and pointed out an increased false positive rate of the homoscedastic model. In the detection of patient-specific brain perfusion abnormalities with ASL, modeling heterogeneous variances increases the sensitivity at the same specificity level.
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Camille Maumet, Pierre Maurel, Béatrice Carsin, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Christian Barillot. Patient-Specific Detection of Perfusion Abnormalities Combining Within- and Between-Subject Variances in ASL. [Research Report] RR-8216, INRIA. 2013. ⟨hal-00781247⟩

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