Age effect in recall performance according to the levels of processing, elaboration, and retrieval cues.

Hélène Sauzeon 1 Bernard N'Kaoua V. Lespinet F. Guillem 2 B. Claverie 3
1 Phoenix - Programming Language Technology For Communication Services
LaBRI - Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, EA4136 - Handicap et système nerveux :Action, communication, interaction: rétablissement de la fonction et de la participation [Bordeaux]
Abstract : The present study was conducted to investigate the incidence of several factors contributing to age-related memory decrement. Variables manipulated include quality (level of processing encoding conditions), the degree of effort and encoding quantitative elaboration (active/passive encoding conditions), and the influence of retrieval support (free-/cued recall conditions). In support of the environmental support hypothesis, middle-old and old subjects benefited more than young ones from cued recall in all the memory tests. Moreover, the results showed a differential (qualitative vs. quantitative) impairment of conceptual processing between the middle-old and the old-age groups. In the middle-olds, age differences were abolished by deep processing in old adults, age differences were attentuated only with deep and active processing associated with retrieval support. These gradual memory impairments are evaluated according to Mandler's model of memory (1979, In L. G. Nilsson [Ed.], Perspective in memory research. Hillsdale: Lawrence-Erlbaum), and the environmental support hypothesis is discussed in terms of the involvement of encoding and retrieval operations required by the memory task.
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Hélène Sauzeon, Bernard N'Kaoua, V. Lespinet, F. Guillem, B. Claverie. Age effect in recall performance according to the levels of processing, elaboration, and retrieval cues.. Experimental Aging Research, Taylor & Francis, 2000, 26 (1), pp.57-73. ⟨10.1080/036107300243687⟩. ⟨hal-00908012⟩



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