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Les données, objets de toutes les convoitises

Stéphane Frénot 1 Stéphane Grumbach 1, * 
* Corresponding author
1 DICE - Data on the Internet at the Core of the Economy
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : Personal data play in the undergoing social revolution a role, which is as important for the economy as it is fundamental for the political choices. As their production increases exponentially, the exploitation of these data in the last decade has lead to a growth of the Internet giants, such as Google or Facebook, unprecedented in the history of industry. But, despite their importance in the new economy, neither online activity nor data flows are taken into account in traditional indicators, such as commercial balances, or raw materials price indexes. The objective of this paper is to show the relevance of data flows metrics to measure this activity, which today stays essentially invisible. We first show how the data collecting industry, based on the main intermediation platforms, work. These platforms occupy a dominant position in the world. In Europe for instance, they collect most of the personal data produced online, which is exported to the US. We then establish a cartography of data flows, based on some representative countries, including France, Korea, Egypt, Brazil, and of course the US and China, giants in the field, which exhibits the knowledge asymmetries of the new economy.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2013 - 2:40:39 PM
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Stéphane Frénot, Stéphane Grumbach. Les données, objets de toutes les convoitises. Hérodote - Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, 2014, 1 (152-153), pp.43-66. ⟨10.3917/her.152.0043⟩. ⟨hal-00908894⟩



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