Energy efficiency in HPC with and without knowledge of applications and services

Abstract : The constant demand of raw performance in high performance computing often leads to high performance systems' over-provisioning which in turn can result in a colossal energy waste due to workload/application variation over time. Proposing energy efficient solutions in the context of large scale HPC is a real unavoidable challenge. This paper explores two alternative approaches (with or without knowledge of applications and services) dealing with the same goal: reducing the energy usage of large scale infrastructures which support HPC applications. This article describes the first approach "with knowledge of applications and services'' which enables users to choose the less consuming implementation of services. Based on the energy consumption estimation of the different implementations (protocols) for each service, this approach is validated on the case of fault tolerance service in HPC. The approach "without knowledge'' allows some intelligent framework to observe the life of HPC systems and proposes some energy reduction schemes. This framework automatically estimates the energy consumption of the HPC system in order to apply power saving schemes. Both approaches are experimentally evaluated and analyzed in terms of energy efficiency.
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Mohammed El Mehdi Diouri, Ghislain Landry Tsafack Chetsa, Olivier Glück, Laurent Lefevre, Jean-Marc Pierson, et al.. Energy efficiency in HPC with and without knowledge of applications and services. International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, SAGE Publications, 2013, 27 (3), pp.232-243. ⟨10.1177/1094342013495304⟩. ⟨hal-00925313⟩

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