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Deterministic Automata for Unordered Trees

Abstract : Automata for unordered unranked trees are relevant for defining schemas and queries for data trees in JSON or XML format. While the existing notions are well-investigated concerning expressiveness, they all lack a proper notion of determinism, which makes it difficult to distinguish subclasses of automata for which problems such as inclusion, equivalence, and minimization can be solved efficiently. In this paper, we propose and investigate different notions of ''horizontal determinism'', starting from automata for unranked trees in which the horizontal evaluation is performed by finite state automata. We show that a restriction to confluent horizontal evaluation leads to polynomial-time emptiness and universality, but still suffers from coNP-completeness of the emptiness of binary intersections. Finally, efficient algorithms can be obtained by imposing an order of horizontal evaluation globally for all automata in the class. Depending on the choice of the order, we obtain different classes of automata, each of which has the same expressiveness as CMSO.

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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01020236
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 25, 2014 - 10:00:42 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 9:48:22 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 26, 2014 - 10:05:52 AM

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Adrien Boiret, Vincent Hugot, Joachim Niehren, Ralf Treinen. Deterministic Automata for Unordered Trees. Fifth International Symposium on Games, Automata, Logics and Formal Verification (Gandalf), Sep 2014, Verona, Italy. pp.189-202, ⟨10.4204/EPTCS.161.17⟩. ⟨hal-01020236⟩

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