A Signal Processing Method for Hits Detection and Separation in High AE Activity Systems: Application to Composite Materials under Fatigue Tests.

Abstract : The threshold-based technique, employed by most of the commercial parameter-based AE systems for hit detection, uses a defined threshold in order to detect the start and the end of the hits. When dealing with continuous emission, the threshold-based technique is not suitable as the burst never drop below the threshold. In this case, the AE system is obliged to force the end of the hit after a defined maximum duration. This issue is encountered in complex systems such as in Organic Matrix Composites (OMC) fatigue tests where a high AE activity is observed, especially when the loading frequency overpasses few hertz. In this case, continuous signals can be generated by the background noise and rubbing, as well as by both cumulated damage (friction of crack surfaces) and damage growth. This paper deals with continuous AE signals obtained from experimental tests carried on Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics specimens. A numerical routine was implemented allowing the treatment of these signals. As the size of each acquisition is large due to the sampling rate (generally from 2 to 5 MS/s), the signal was divided into short segments. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) was used for signal denoising after adapting a certain number of parameters. Hit detection and determination was thereafter performed in order to localize potential hits contained in each signal segment. Conventional AE features were then calculated. By comparing the obtained results to those of conventional threshold-based techniques, we remark that the problem of erroneous hits is overcome. AE information that was hidden by the effect of the noise is now revealed allowing a further interpretation of damage mechanisms in the composite.
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Le Cam, Vincent and Mevel, Laurent and Schoefs, Franck. EWSHM - 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Jul 2014, Nantes, France. 2014
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  • HAL Id : hal-01022993, version 1

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Mohamed Kharrat, Emmanuel Ramasso, Vincent Placet, Mohamed Lamine Boubakar. A Signal Processing Method for Hits Detection and Separation in High AE Activity Systems: Application to Composite Materials under Fatigue Tests.. Le Cam, Vincent and Mevel, Laurent and Schoefs, Franck. EWSHM - 7th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, Jul 2014, Nantes, France. 2014. 〈hal-01022993〉

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