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Long-term adaptive response to high-frequency light signals in the unicellular photosynthetic eukaryote Dunaliella salina

Charlotte Combe 1, 2 Philipp Hartmann 1 Sophie Rabouille 2 Amélie Talec 2 Olivier Bernard 3, 2, 1 Antoine Sciandra 3, 2, 1 
1 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Abstract : Productivity of microalgal cultivation processes is tightly related to photosynthetic efficiency, and therefore to light availability at the cell scale. In an agitated, highly turbid suspension, the light signal received by a single phytoplankton cell moving in a dense culture is a succession of flashes. The growth characteristics of microalgae under such dynamic light conditions are thus fundamental information to understand nonlinear properties of the photosynthetic process and to improve cultivation process design and operation. Studies of the long term consequences of dynamic illumination regime on photosynthesis require a very specific experimental set-up where fast varying signals are applied on the long term. In order to investigate the growth response of the unicellular photosynthetic eukaryote Dunaliella salina (Chlorophyceae) to intermittent light exposure, different light regimes using LEDs with the same average total light dose were applied in continuous cultures. Flashing light with different durations of light flashes (Δt of 30 s, 15 s, 2 s and 0.1 s) followed by dark periods of variable length (0.67 ≤ L:D ≤ 2) yielding flash frequencies in the range 0.017-5 Hz, were compared to continuous illumination. Specific growth rate, photosynthetic pigments, lipid productivity and elemental composition were measured on two duplicates for each irradiance condition. The different treatments of intermittent light led to specific growth rates ranging from 0.25 to 0.93 day–1. While photosynthetic efficiency was enhanced with increased flash frequency, no significant differences were observed in the particular carbon and chlorophyll content. Pigment analysis showed that within this range of flash frequency, cells progressively photoacclimated to the average light intensity.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 11, 2015 - 10:44:53 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 11:15:36 PM

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Charlotte Combe, Philipp Hartmann, Sophie Rabouille, Amélie Talec, Olivier Bernard, et al.. Long-term adaptive response to high-frequency light signals in the unicellular photosynthetic eukaryote Dunaliella salina. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2015, 112 (6), pp.1111-1121. ⟨10.1002/bit.25526⟩. ⟨hal-01102019⟩



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