A distributed virtual MIMO coalition formation framework for energy efficient wireless networks

Abstract : In this paper, we consider a low complexity virtual Multiple-input Multiple-output (MIMO) coalition formation algorithm. The goal is to obtain improvements in energy efficiency by forming multi-antenna virtual arrays for information transmission in the uplink. Virtual arrays are formed by finding a stable match between single antenna devices such as mobile station (MS) and relay stations (RS) by using a game theoretic approach derived from the concept of the college admissions problem. We focus on enhancing the mobile station (MS) performance by forming virtual coalitions with the RSs. Thus, power savings are obtained through multi-antenna arrays by implementing the concepts of spatial diversity and spatial multiplexing for uplink transmission. We focus on optimizing the overall consumed power rather than the transmitted power of the network devices. Furthermore, it is shown analytically and by simulations that when overall consumed power is considered as an optimization metric, the energy efficiency of the single antennas devices is not always improved by forming a virtual MIMO array. Hence, single antenna devices may prefer to transmit on their own when channel conditions are favorable. In addition, the simulation results show that our proposed framework provides comparable energy savings and a lower implementation complexity when compared to a centralized exhaustive search approach that is coordinated from the BS.
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EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, SpringerOpen, 2015, 2015 (1), pp.1-21. 〈10.1186/s13638-015-0308-3〉
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Rodrigo A Vaca Ramirez, John S Thompson, Eitan Altman, Victor Ramos. A distributed virtual MIMO coalition formation framework for energy efficient wireless networks. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, SpringerOpen, 2015, 2015 (1), pp.1-21. 〈10.1186/s13638-015-0308-3〉. 〈hal-01152463〉

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