Analysis of broadcast strategies and network parameters in IEEE 802.11p VANETs using simple analytical models

Abstract : —This paper proposes and analyzes different broadcast strategies in IEEE 802.11p Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANETs). The first strategy is the default IEEE 802.11p strategy. Using a model derived from the Bianchi model, we provide the network performance in terms of throughput and success rate. The second strategy is to use an acknowledgment technique similar to the acknowledgment with point-to-point traffic. A node will send its broadcast packet as in the default case,but it requires an acknowledgment from a neighbor node. This node may be a random neighbor or may be selected according to precise rules. We analyze this second strategy in terms of throughput and success rate. Somewhat surprisingly, we show that this second strategy improves the delivery ratio of the transmitted packets but reduces the overall throughput. This means that if the CAM messages (Cooperative Awareness Messages) are broadcasted, the total number of packets actually delivered will be greater with the default strategy than with the improved strategy. We propose a third strategy which consists in using the default strategy for normal packets, but we add random redundant transmissions to ensure greater reliability for very important packets. We show that with this simple technique, not only do we obtain suitable reliability, but we also achieve larger global throughput than with the acknowledgment-oriented technique. Another contribution of this paper is to compute network performance in terms of throughput and success rate with respect to the network parameters and to analyze their impact on performances.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01241956
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Submitted on : Friday, December 11, 2015 - 11:22:21 AM
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Younes Bouchaala, Oyunchimeg Shagdar, Paul Muhlethaler. Analysis of broadcast strategies and network parameters in IEEE 802.11p VANETs using simple analytical models. The 4th International Conference on Performance Evaluation and Modeling in Wired and Wireless Networks (PEMWN), Nov 2015, Hammamet, Tunisia. ⟨hal-01241956⟩

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