Towards a Generic and Modular Geofencing Strategy for Civilian UAVs

Laurent Ciarletta 1 Thomas Gurriet 1
1 MADYNES - Management of dynamic networks and services
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - NSS - Department of Networks, Systems and Services
Abstract : This paper introduces the reasoning and concepts behind a generic and modular approach to obstacle avoidance based on geofencing. The issue of UAV safety is tackled from a practical point of view and a collision avoidance system based on practical usage and safety considerations is presented. Before doing so, the need for a reference model of geographic geometry is discussed, looking at global positioning in different reference systems and how to switch between the associated coordinates systems. The concept of fence is defined and the practical aspects of these fences definitions and mapping are detailed. A collision avoidance strategy is proposed that works in the case of autonomous flight as well as in the case of piloted flight. To our knowledge, this second scenario has not been extensively covered and we feel it deserves some attention since most of the civilian UAVs flying today are piloted manually by an operator. This avoidance is based on constrained optimization to find an input for the controller which prevents collision while staying as true as possible to the original command from the human operator. This strategy allows for “smooth” collision avoidance since it gently and continuously restricts the flight possibilities of the UAV while giving as much control freedom as possible to the operator. We also discuss how this work can be extended by taking the actual vehicle dynamic into consideration in order to make it work for a larger variety of controllers. The concept behind the “closest point” approach used above is detailed, and its limitations and possible extensions are discussed. Finally, we present the simulation framework used to test this geofencing strategy and discuss the simulation results as a proof of concept for our future implementation.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Jun 2016, Arlington, VA, United States. 2016, 2016 ICUAS Proceedings. 〈https://controls.papercept.net/conferences/conferences/ICUAS16/program/ICUAS16_ContentListWeb_2.html#thbtt4_02〉
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01398431
Contributeur : Laurent Ciarletta <>
Soumis le : jeudi 17 novembre 2016 - 11:28:17
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:25:23

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  • HAL Id : hal-01398431, version 1

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Laurent Ciarletta, Thomas Gurriet. Towards a Generic and Modular Geofencing Strategy for Civilian UAVs. 2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Jun 2016, Arlington, VA, United States. 2016, 2016 ICUAS Proceedings. 〈https://controls.papercept.net/conferences/conferences/ICUAS16/program/ICUAS16_ContentListWeb_2.html#thbtt4_02〉. 〈hal-01398431〉

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