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Parallel processing for the generation of saccades to simultaneously moving centrifugal targets

Abstract : The simultaneous presentation of two static targets in the visual field leads to a saccade which lands on a location situated along a line that connects the two targets. The landing position depends upon the relative salience of the targets. The more salient the target, the stronger its influence on the landing position. A similar process happens during saccades made in response to two sequentially presented targets. Saccades with the shortest latencies land on the location of the first target whereas saccades with longer latencies land closer to the second target location. Obviously, the visuomotor brain does not switch abruptly between two targets; the transition is gradual and made continuously. The spatiotemporal properties of this target selection process were explored further by testing in two monkeys, the saccades made in response to two centrifugal targets moving rapidly and simultaneously in different directions. After the fixation of a central target for a variable interval, two conditions were possible. During the single-target condition, one target moved toward the periphery along the cardinal (horizontal or vertical) or oblique axes. During the double-target condition, the central target was replaced by two identical targets moving away from the center toward the periphery with a constant speed. One target moved along an oblique axis while the other target moved along one of the cardinal axes. The speed of the target moving along the oblique axis was maintained constant (30 deg/s) whereas the speed of the target moving along the cardinal was varied (from 15 to 60 deg/s). The monkeys were free to track anyone of the targets and were rewarded on every trial. The examination of saccades made in response to targets moving in the same visual quadrant show different scatterings of landing positions between the testing conditions. During the double-target condition, the landing positions were scattered in the region of the visual field which is situated between the paths of the targets. Although their distributions were biased toward the slower target, the orientation of the scatters depended upon the speed of the two targets: the landing positions were scattered between lines of isochronous target locations. Thus, in response to two centrifugal targets, the monkeys do not select one of the two targets for its foveation. The first saccade is made toward an intermediate location, a location which corresponds to the average of two commands weighted by their speed (or the duration of retinal exposure). The scattering of endpoints between lines of target isochrony and some curved saccades indicate parallel and continuous visuomotor flows until the saccade is completed.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01402661
Contributor : Laurent Goffart <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 6:18:27 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 19, 2019 - 12:18:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01402661, version 1

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Laurent Goffart. Parallel processing for the generation of saccades to simultaneously moving centrifugal targets. Society for Neuroscience Meeting 2016, Nov 2016, San Diego, United States. http://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/#!/4071/presentation/26132. ⟨hal-01402661⟩

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