A Hierarchy of Local Decision

Abstract : We extend the notion of \emph{distributed decision} in the framework of distributed network computing, inspired by recent results on so-called \emph{distributed graph automata}. We show that, by using distributed decision mechanisms based on the interaction between a \emph{prover} and a \emph{disprover}, the size of the certificates distributed to the nodes for certifying a given network property can be drastically reduced. For instance, we prove that minimum spanning tree can be certified with $O(\log n)$-bit certificates in $n$-node graphs, with just one interaction between the prover and the disprover, while it is known that certifying MST requires $\Omega(\log^2n)$-bit certificates if only the prover can act. The improvement can even be exponential for some simple graph properties. For instance, it is known that certifying the existence of a nontrivial automorphism requires $\Omega(n^2)$ bits if only the prover can act. We show that there is a protocol with two interactions between the prover and the disprover enabling to certify nontrivial automorphism with $O(\log n)$-bit certificates. These results are achieved by defining and analysing a \emph{local hierarchy} of decision which generalizes the classical notions of \emph{proof-labelling schemes} and \emph{locally checkable proofs}.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01423644
Contributor : Pierre Fraigniaud <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 30, 2016 - 6:15:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 6, 2019 - 10:36:01 PM

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Pierre Fraigniaud, Laurent Feuilloley, Juho Hirvonen. A Hierarchy of Local Decision. 43rd International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP) , 2016, Roma, Italy. ⟨hal-01423644⟩

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