A Survey of Smart Parking Solutions

Trista Lin 1 Hervé Rivano 2 Frédéric Le Mouël 3
2 AGORA - ALGorithmes et Optimisation pour Réseaux Autonomes
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
3 DYNAMID - Dynamic Software and Distributed Systems
CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : Considering the increase of urban population and traffic congestion, smart parking is always a strategic issue to work on, not only in the research field but also from economic interests. Thanks to information and communication technology evolution, drivers can more efficiently find satisfying parking spaces with smart parking services. The existing and ongoing works on smart parking are complicated and transdisciplinary. While deploying a smart parking system, cities, as well as urban engineers, need to spend a very long time to survey and inspect all the possibilities. Moreover, many varied works involve multiple disciplines, which are closely linked and inseparable. To give a clear overview, we introduce a smart parking ecosystem and propose a comprehensive and thoughtful classification by identifying their functionalities and problematic focuses. We go through the literature over the period of 2000-2016 on parking solutions as they were applied to smart parking development and evolution, and propose three macro-themes: information collection, system deployment, and service dissemination. In each macro-theme, we explain and synthesize the main methodologies used in the existing works and summarize their common goals and visions to solve current parking difficulties. Lastly, we give our engineering insights and show some challenges and open issues. Our survey gives an exhaustive study and a prospect in a multidisciplinary approach. Besides, the main findings of the current state-of-the-art throw out recommendations for future research on smart cities and the Internet architecture.
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Trista Lin, Hervé Rivano, Frédéric Le Mouël. A Survey of Smart Parking Solutions. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE, 2017, 18 (12), pp. 3229-3253. ⟨10.1109/TITS.2017.2685143⟩. ⟨hal-01501556⟩

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