Trust Transitivity and Conditional Belief Reasoning

Abstract : Trust transitivity is a common phenomenon embedded in human reasoning about trust. Given a specific context or purpose, trust transitivity is often manifested through the humans’ intuition to rely on the recommendations of a trustworthy advisor about another entity that the advisor recommends. Although this simple principle has been formalised in various ways for many trust and reputation systems, there is no real or physical basis for trust transitivity to be directly translated into a mathematical model. In that sense, all mathematical operators for trust transitivity proposed in the literature must be considered ad hoc; they represent attempts to model a very complex human phenomenon as if it were lendable to analysis by the laws of physics. Considering this nature of human trust transitivity in reality, any simple mathematical model will essentially have rather poor predictive power. In this paper, we propose a new interpretation of trust transitivity that is radically different from those described in the literature so far. More specifically, we consider recommendations from an advisor as evidence that the relying party will use as input arguments in conditional reasoning models for assessing hypotheses about the trust target. The proposed model of conditional trust transitivity is based on the framework of subjective logic.
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Audun Josang, Tanja Ažderska, Stephen Marsh. Trust Transitivity and Conditional Belief Reasoning. 6th International Conference on Trust Management (TM), May 2012, Surat, India. pp.68-83, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-29852-3_5⟩. ⟨hal-01517645⟩

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