Exploring the Role of Outside Organizations in Free / Open Source Software Projects

Abstract : Free/Open Source Software (FOSS) projects have a reputation for being grass-roots efforts driven by individual contributors volunteering their time and effort. While this may be true for a majority of smaller projects, it is not always the case for large projects. As projects grow in size, importance and complexity, many come to depend on corporations, universities, NGO’s and governments, for support and contributions, either financially or through seconded staff. As outside organizations get involved in projects, how does this affect their governance, transparency and direction? To study this question we gathered bug reports and commit logs for GCC and the Linux Kernel. We found that outside organizations contribute a majority of code but rarely participate in bug triaging. Therefore their code does not necessarily address the needs of others and may distort governance and direction. We conclude that projects should examine their dependence on outside organizations.
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Imed Hammouda; Björn Lundell; Tommi Mikkonen; Walt Scacchi. 8th International Conference on Open Source Systems (OSS), Sep 2012, Hammamet, Tunisia. Springer, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, AICT-378, pp.201-215, 2012, Open Source Systems: Long-Term Sustainability. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-33442-9_13〉
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Darren Forrest, Carlos Jensen, Nitin Mohan, Jennifer Davidson. Exploring the Role of Outside Organizations in Free / Open Source Software Projects. Imed Hammouda; Björn Lundell; Tommi Mikkonen; Walt Scacchi. 8th International Conference on Open Source Systems (OSS), Sep 2012, Hammamet, Tunisia. Springer, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, AICT-378, pp.201-215, 2012, Open Source Systems: Long-Term Sustainability. 〈10.1007/978-3-642-33442-9_13〉. 〈hal-01519044〉

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