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Modeling the impact of high temperatures on microalgal viability and photosynthetic activity

Quentin Béchet 1, 2, 3, * Martin Laviale 1, 2, 3 Nicolas Arsapin 1, 2, 3 Hubert Bonnefond 1, 2, 3 Olivier Bernard 1, 2, 3
* Corresponding author
3 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Abstract : AbstractBackgroundCulture collapse due to high temperatures can significantly impact the profitability of outdoor algal cultivation systems. The objective of this study was to model for the first time the impact of high temperatures on algal activity and viability.ResultsViability measurements on Dunaliella salina cultures were based on cytometry with two fluorescent markers (erythrosine and fluorescein di-acetate), and photosynthetic activity was measured by Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) fluorometry. Kinetic studies revealed that viability and activity losses during exposure to high temperatures could be described by a Weibull model. Both mortality and activity were shown to be functions of the thermal dose received by the algae, defined as the product of duration of exposure to high temperatures and an exponential function of temperature. Simulations at five climatic locations revealed that culture collapse due to high temperatures could impact productivity of D. salina in non-temperature-controlled outdoor photobioreactors by 35 and 40% in arid and Mediterranean climates, respectively.ConclusionsThe model developed in this study can be used to forecast the impact of high temperatures on algal biofuel productivity. When coupled with models predicting the temperature of outdoor cultivation systems, this model can also be used to select the best combination of location, system geometry, and algal species to minimize the risks of culture collapse and therefore maximize biofuel productivity.
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Quentin Béchet, Martin Laviale, Nicolas Arsapin, Hubert Bonnefond, Olivier Bernard. Modeling the impact of high temperatures on microalgal viability and photosynthetic activity. Biotechnology for Biofuels, BioMed Central, 2017, 10 (1), pp.136. ⟨10.1186/s13068-017-0823-z⟩. ⟨hal-01530933⟩

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