Map Learning with a 3D Printed Interactive Small-Scale Model: Improvement of Space and Text Memorization in Visually Impaired Students

Abstract : Special education teachers for visually impaired students rely on tools such as raised-line maps (RLMs) to teach spatial knowledge. These tools do not fully and adequately meet the needs of the teachers because they are long to produce, expensive, and not versatile enough to provide rapid updating of the content. For instance, the same RLM can barely be used during different lessons. In addition, those maps do not provide any interactivity, which reduces students' autonomy. With the emergence of 3D printing and low-cost microcontrollers, it is now easy to design affordable interactive small-scale models (SSMs) which are adapted to the needs of special education teachers. However, no study has previously been conducted to evaluate non-visual learning using interactive SSMs. In collaboration with a specialized teacher, we designed a SSM and a RLM representing the evolution of the geography and history of a fictitious kingdom. The two conditions were compared in a study with 24 visually impaired students regarding the memorization of the spatial layout and historical contents. The study showed that the interactive SSM improved both space and text memorization as compared to the RLM with braille legend. In conclusion, we argue that affordable home-made interactive small scale models can improve learning for visually impaired students. Interestingly, they are adaptable to any teaching situation including students with specific needs.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [44 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01537596
Contributor : Anke Brock <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 12, 2017 - 4:36:14 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 27, 2019 - 4:27:49 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, September 14, 2017 - 12:24:34 PM

File

frontiers-2017.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Stéphanie Giraud, Anke Brock, Marc J.-M. Macé, Christophe Jouffrais. Map Learning with a 3D Printed Interactive Small-Scale Model: Improvement of Space and Text Memorization in Visually Impaired Students. Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers, 2017, 8 (930), pp.10. ⟨http://journal.frontiersin.org/journal/psychology#⟩. ⟨10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00930⟩. ⟨hal-01537596⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

703

Files downloads

210