Brain correlates of apathy in Kleine Levin syndrome: a mean apparent propagator study

Abstract : Synopsis Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by episodes of severe hypersomnia, apathy, cognitive impairment, derealization and behavioral disturbances. Between episodes, patients have normal sleep, mood and behavior. Apathy is a prominent clinical feature of KLS but its pathophysiology is not known. Here we used mean apparent propagator to investigate white matter changes in KLS and correlated diffusion changes with apathy scores. Results showed that the corpus callosum was involved in KLS during episodes and mean RTAP measures in the corpus callosum correlated with apathy scores. Results were in accordance with known motivation-based circuits involving the orbitomedial frontal cortex. Purpose Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is a rare neurological disorder that mainly affects adolescents. KLS is characterized by relapsing-remitting episodes of severe hypersomnia, apathy, cognitive impairment, derealization and behavioral disturbances. Between episodes, patients have normal sleep, mood and behavior [1]. Each episode is of brief duration varying from a week to 1-2 months. No definite cause has been identified [1]. Anatomical MRI scan is normal, but brain scintigraphy can be abnormal during and between episodes [2]. Apathy is a prominent clinical feature of KLS [3] but its pathophysiology in the disease remains to be established. The mechanisms responsible for apathy may involve several circuits connecting the frontal lobes to the basal ganglia [4]. Here, we performed TBSS analyses on the return-to-the-axis probability (RTAP) measures that may be linked to apparent axonal diameter and inflammation [5] to analyze the integrity of white matter (WM) microstructure of healthy volunteers (HV) compared to symptomatic (KLS-S) and asymptomatic (KLS-AS) patients. Methods We prospectively included 20 KLS-AS (mean age: 22.2 ± 8.9 years, 9 males) and 20 HV age and sex-matched one by one. Twelve of these 20 patients were also scanned during episodes (KLS-S). Apathy was assessed using the Starkstein Apathy score [6]. Diffusion-weighted images were acquired using a Siemens Verio 3T with a 12-channel head coil (GRAPPA=2; TR/TE=7.7s/92ms; voxel size: 2.5mm isotropic; 64, 32 and 8 gradient directions for b-values of 1800, 700, and 300 s/mm² respectively) and 8 images without diffusion weighting were also acquired. We preprocessed the images using FSL (fsl.fmrib.ox.ac.uk/fsl/fslwiki/) and included correction for susceptibility (topup) and for eddy current distortions (eddycor) and creation of a binary mask of the brain (bet). Then, we generated RTAP maps of all subjects [7]. Voxelwise statistical analyses were carried out using TBSS, part of the FSL comparing RTAP maps of HV versus KLS-AS, HV versus KLS-S and KLS-AS versus KLS-S (paired t-test). Finally, in the TBSS-based ROI, we computed correlations between clinical scores (disease duration and apathy scores) and mean RTAP measures in this ROI and performed tractography on one healthy subject to determine its projection fibers. Results were considered significant at p<0.05, fully corrected for multiple comparisons across space. Results There were no significant differences in RTAP between HV and KLS-AS. In KLS-S compared to KLS-AS, RTAP increased in the corpus callosum (CC). There was a correlation between apathy scores and mean RTAP in the CC of KLS-S (p=0.03, r=0.61) (see Figure 2). There were no other correlations with clinical scores in KLS-AS as well as in KLS-S. Using the TBSS-ROI as a seed for tractography, fibers passing through the CC with abnormal RTAP measures projected to medial orbitofrontal cortex (see Figure 3). Discussion and conclusion The results highlight the presence of structural changes correlated to the apathy score in the anterior portion of the CC during episodes, a region where fibers project onto the medial orbitofrontal cortex. As, these prefrontal regions are involved in motivation processes [4], this suggests that apathy in KLS could result from difficulties to provide the affective/motivational value of a given behavioral context.
Type de document :
Poster
International Symposium for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, May 2017, Honolulu, United States
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [7 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01558278
Contributeur : Demian Wassermann <>
Soumis le : vendredi 7 juillet 2017 - 13:44:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 22 novembre 2018 - 14:33:10
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mercredi 24 janvier 2018 - 08:09:18

Fichier

ismrm2017.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01558278, version 1

Citation

Anne-Charlotte Philippe, Sophie Lavault, Rutger Fick, Demian Wassermann, Romain Valabregue, et al.. Brain correlates of apathy in Kleine Levin syndrome: a mean apparent propagator study. International Symposium for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, May 2017, Honolulu, United States. 〈hal-01558278〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

315

Téléchargements de fichiers

83