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DASM: A Dynamic Adaptive Forward Assembly Area Method to Accelerate Restore Speed for Deduplication-Based Backup Systems

Abstract : Data deduplication yields an important role in modern backup systems for its demonstrated ability to improve storage efficiency. However, in deduplication-based backup systems, the consequent exhausting fragmentation problem has drawn ever-increasing attention over in terms of backup frequencies, which leads to the degradation of restoration speed. Various Methods are proposed to address this problem. However, most of them purchase restore speed at the expense of deduplication ratio reduction, which is not efficient.In this paper, we present a Dynamic Adaptive Forward Assembly Area Method, called DASM, to accelerate restore speed for deduplication-based backup systems. DASM exploits the fragmentation information within the restored backup streams and dynamically trades off between chunk-level cache and container-level cache. DASM is a pure data restoration module which pursues optimal read performance without sacrificing deduplication ratio. Meanwhile, DASM is a resource independent and cache efficient scheme, which works well under different memory footprint restrictions. To demonstrate the effectiveness of DASM, we conduct several experiments under various backup workloads. The results show that, DASM is sensitive to fragmentation granularity and can accurately adapt to the changes of fragmentation size. Besides, experiments also show that DASM improves the restore speed of traditional LRU and ASM methods by up to 58.9 % and 57.1 %, respectively.
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Chao Tan, Luyu Li, Chentao Wu, Jie Li. DASM: A Dynamic Adaptive Forward Assembly Area Method to Accelerate Restore Speed for Deduplication-Based Backup Systems. 13th IFIP International Conference on Network and Parallel Computing (NPC), Oct 2016, Xi'an, China. pp.58-70, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-47099-3_5⟩. ⟨hal-01647993⟩

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