Assistive Computing: a Human-Centered Approach to Developing Computing Support for Cognition

Charles Consel 1, 2
2 Phoenix - Programming Language Technology For Communication Services
LaBRI - Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, EA4136 - Handicap et système nerveux :Action, communication, interaction: rétablissement de la fonction et de la participation [Bordeaux]
Abstract : The growing population of cognitively impaired individuals calls for the emergence of a research area dedicated to developing computing systems that address their needs. The nature of this research area requires to bridge the many disciplines needed to develop human-centered, assistive computing systems. Such bridging may seem unattainable considering the conceptual and practical gaps between the related disciplines and the challenges of propagating human-related concerns throughout the many stages of the development process of assistive technologies. As a consequence, existing assistive technologies lack a proper needs analysis; their development is often driven by technology concerns, resulting in ill-designed and stereotype-biased systems; and, most of them are not tested for their eï¿¿ectiveness in assisting users. In this paper, we propose a systematic exploration of this vast challenge. First, we deï¿¿ne Assistive Computing as a research area and propose key principles to drive its study. Then, we introduce a tool-based methodology dedicated to developing assistive computing support, integrating a range of disciplines from human-related sciences to computer science. This methodology is purposefully pragmatic in that it leverages, aggregates and revisits numerous research results, concretizing it with a range of examples. More generally, our goal is i) to provide a framework to conduct research in the area of Assistive Computing and ii) to identify the necessary bridges between disciplines to account for all the dimensions of such systems.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 17, 2018 - 12:37:25 PM
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Charles Consel. Assistive Computing: a Human-Centered Approach to Developing Computing Support for Cognition. the 40th International Conference Software Engineering (ICSE), May 2018, Gothenburg, France. ⟨10.1145/3183428.3183431⟩. ⟨hal-01857736⟩

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