Internet of Bikes: A DTN Protocol with Data Aggregation for Urban Data Collection

Yosra Zguira 1, 2 Hervé Rivano 1 Aref Meddeb 3, 2
1 AGORA - ALGorithmes et Optimisation pour Réseaux Autonomes
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are an essential part of the global world. They play a substantial role for facing many issues such as traffic jams, high accident rates, unhealthy lifestyles, air pollution, etc. Public bike sharing system is one part of ITS and can be used to collect data from mobiles devices. In this paper, we propose an efficient, " Internet of Bikes " , IoB-DTN routing protocol based on data aggregation which applies the Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) paradigm to Internet of Things (IoT) applications running data collection on urban bike sharing system based sensor network. We propose and evaluate three variants of IoB-DTN: IoB based on spatial aggregation (IoB-SA), IoB based on temporal aggregation (IoB-TA) and IoB based on spatiotemporal aggregation (IoB-STA). The simulation results show that the three variants offer the best performances regarding several metrics, comparing to IoB-DTN without aggregation and the low-power long-range technology, LoRa type. In an urban application, the choice of the type of which variant of IoB should be used depends on the sensed values.
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Yosra Zguira, Hervé Rivano, Aref Meddeb. Internet of Bikes: A DTN Protocol with Data Aggregation for Urban Data Collection. Sensors, MDPI, 2018, 18 (9), pp.1-39. ⟨10.3390/s18092819⟩. ⟨hal-01862155⟩

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