Knowledge Reconciliation with Graph Convolutional Networks: Preliminary Results

Pierre Monnin 1 Chedy Raïssi 1, 2 Amedeo Napoli 1 Adrien Coulet 1, 3
1 ORPAILLEUR - Knowledge representation, reasonning
Inria Nancy - Grand Est, LORIA - NLPKD - Department of Natural Language Processing & Knowledge Discovery
Abstract : In this article, we investigate the task of identifying nodes that are identical, more general, or similar within and across knowledge graphs. This task can be seen as an extension of instance matching or entity resolution and is here named knowledge reconciliation. In particular, we explore how Graph Convolutional Networks (GCNs), previously defined in the literature, can be used for this task and evaluate their performance on a real world use case in the domain of pharmacogenomics (PGx), which studies how gene variations impact drug responses. PGx knowledge is represented in the form of n-ary relationships between one or more genomic variations, drugs, and phenotypes. In a knowledge graph named PGxLOD, such relationships are available, coming from three distinct provenances (a reference database, the biomedical literature and Electronic Health Records). We present and discuss our preliminary attempt to generate graph embeddings with GCNs and to use a simple distance between embeddings to assess the similarity between relationships. By experimenting on the 68,686 PGx relationships of PGxLOD, we found that this approach raises several research questions. For example, we discuss the use of the semantics associated with knowledge graphs within GCNs, which is of interest in the considered use case.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 13, 2019 - 4:35:22 PM
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Pierre Monnin, Chedy Raïssi, Amedeo Napoli, Adrien Coulet. Knowledge Reconciliation with Graph Convolutional Networks: Preliminary Results. DL4KG2019 - Workshop on Deep Learning for Knowledge Graphs, Jun 2019, Portoroz, Slovenia. ⟨hal-02155546⟩

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