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Random Forest Surrogate Models to Support Design Space Exploration in Aerospace Use-Case

Abstract : In engineering, design analyses of complex products rely on computer simulated experiments. However, high-fidelity simulations can take significant time to compute. It is impractical to explore design space by only conducting simulations because of time constraints. Hence, surrogate modelling is used to approximate the original simulations. Since simulations are expensive to conduct, generally, the sample size is limited in aerospace engineering applications. This limited sample size, and also non-linearity and high dimensionality of data make it difficult to generate accurate and robust surrogate models. The aim of this paper is to explore the applicability of Random Forests (RF) to construct surrogate models to support design space exploration. RF generates meta-models or ensembles of decision trees, and it is capable of fitting highly non-linear data given quite small samples. To investigate the applicability of RF, this paper presents an approach to construct surrogate models using RF. This approach includes hyperparameter tuning to improve the performance of the RF’s model, to extract design parameters’ importance and if-then rules from the RF’s models for better understanding of design space. To demonstrate the approach using RF, quantitative experiments are conducted with datasets of Turbine Rear Structure use-case from an aerospace industry and results are presented.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 24, 2019 - 12:49:42 PM
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Siva Dasari, Abbas Cheddad, Petter Andersson. Random Forest Surrogate Models to Support Design Space Exploration in Aerospace Use-Case. 15th IFIP International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations (AIAI), May 2019, Hersonissos, Greece. pp.532-544, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-19823-7_45⟩. ⟨hal-02331291⟩

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