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Almost Universal Anonymous Rendezvous in the Plane

Abstract : Two mobile agents represented by points freely moving in the plane and starting at two different positions, have to meet. The meeting, called rendezvous, occurs when agents are at distance at most r of each other and never move after this time, where r is a positive real unknown to them, called the visibility radius. Agents are anonymous and execute the same deterministic algorithm. Each agent has a set of private attributes, some or all of which can differ between agents. These attributes are: the initial position of the agent, its system of coordinates (orientation and chirality), the rate of its clock, its speed when it moves, and the time of its wake-up. If all attributes (except the initial positions) are identical and agents start at distance larger than r then they can never meet, as the distance between them can never change. However, differences between attributes make it sometimes possible to break the symmetry and accomplish rendezvous. Such instances of the rendezvous problem (formalized as lists of attributes), are called feasible. Our contribution is three-fold. We first give an exact characterization of feasible instances. Thus it is natural to ask whether there exists a single algorithm that guarantees rendezvous for all these instances. We give a strong negative answer to this question: we show two sets S1 and S2 of feasible instances such that none of them admits a single rendezvous algorithm valid for all instances of the set. On the other hand, we construct a single algorithm that guarantees rendezvous for all feasible instances outside of sets S1 and S2. We observe that these exception sets S1 and S2 are geometrically very small, compared to the set of all feasible instances: they are included in low-dimension subspaces of the latter. Thus, our rendezvous algorithm handling all feasible instances other than these small sets of exceptions can be justly called almost universal.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03138344
Contributor : Yoann Dieudonné Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 10:11:44 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 11:16:07 AM

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Sébastien Bouchard, Yoann Dieudonné, Andrzej Pelc, Franck Petit. Almost Universal Anonymous Rendezvous in the Plane. SPAA '20: 32nd ACM Symposium on Parallelism in Algorithms and Architectures, Jul 2020, Virtual Event, United States. pp.117-127, ⟨10.1145/3350755.3400283⟩. ⟨hal-03138344⟩

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